Home  |  Contact  | Map

Childrens infectious diseases. A poliomyelitis

As a child, the person transmission of infectious diseases, which later as an adult, he was never ill.
That is why they are called "children's infectious diseases"

The poliomyelitis is virus (disease which is illness of children's age. Adults are ill with a poliomyelitis very much Seldom. A characteristic sign of a poliomyelitis are paralyses, Caused by defeat impellent nejronov a spinal cord.

The prevailing majority ill with a poliomyelitis transfers illness in the form of ORVI, ORZ, an intestinal infection, therefore it and remains not distinguished.
clinical displays poliomilita meet in 0.1 1 % of cases from all caught, and true paralytic forms of disease meet no more, than At two persons on 100 diseased. The transferred disease forms proof lifelong immunity which children naturally get by 8 years.



The disease Description
The disease activator is the virus which is steady in an environment and contains water and excrements; it is transferred by a fekalno-oral and air-drop way.
it means what to catch a poliomyelitis it is possible through food, water, at conversation, Cough and chihanii.
If this disease in overwhelming majority of cases was not harmless at such way of distribution it would lead to mankind extinction as a kind. There is a big variety of clinical forms of the poliomyelitis which majority proceeds as ORVI, but there are also terrible paralytic forms of disease which are most dangerous, but meet extremely seldom.

The incubatory period makes 3-35 days. Having got to an organism, a poliomyelitis virus in lymphatic system where breeds. In this case it is possible to observe kataralnuju the form of a poliomyelitis proceeding as ORVI.
In the absence of high-grade protective forces of an organism the virus from lymphatic system gets to blood where at good immunity its activity chokes.

if it is not enough immune forces of an organism, then the virus reaches nervous system and amazes large impellent nervous cages of a spinal cord and cranial nerves.
in this case in covers HEAD and a spinal cord inflammatory process as a meningitis (meningialnaja the poliomyelitis form) develops. Within 1-2 days concentration of a virus vtsns accrues, and. It starts to fall quickly, and soon the virus full styju disappears. Further on a place of the lost nervous cages hems are formed.

The meningialnaja form of disease begins sharply, with increase Body temperatures to 38 "With and above, a strong headache, vomiting.
The first wave of illness proceeds with obshcheinfektsionnymi symptoms, And later 1 3 days arise the second wave of lifting of a body temperature With signs of defeat of brain covers.
it is thus marked Hypersensibility to acoustical and visual razdrazhiteljam (photophobia). However this form of illness in most cases Remains not distinguished and consequently treatment occurs at home.

a current Diseases the favorable.
in the beginning of 2 weeks of illness improves The general condition, is normalised a body temperature, signs of irritation of brain covers disappear.
At deeper defeats back and a brain paralytic forms of a poliomyelitis which are expressed in paralyses and parezah develop.

Care of the child
If the poliomyelitis proceeds as cold, to the child assist, which is necessary at ORVI.
At not distinguished meningialnoj to the form of the child treat conditions show the general symptomatic help.
at development of a paralytic poliomyelitis treatment occurs in a hospital.